All resources used in this course are available for free. The required resources are listed below, in alphabetical order. They may be found here in this classroom or in the university’s library.
American Public University System, The Annotated Bibliography, American Public University System (2018), https://www.apus.edu/apus-library/resources-services/Writing/writing-center/graduate-writing/the-annotated-bibliography.html
American Public University System, Graduate Writing, American Public University System (2018), https://www.apus.edu/apus-library/resources-services/Writing/writing-center/graduate-writing.html
American Public University System, Mastering Analytical Writing, American Public University System (2018), https://www.apus.edu/apus-library/resources-services/Writing/writing-center/graduate-writing/mastering-analytical-writing.html
American Public University System, The Research Proposal, American Public University System (2018), https://www.apus.edu/apus-library/resources-services/Writing/writing-center/graduate-writing/the-research-proposal.html
American Public University System, Writing@APUS, American Public University System (2018), https://www.apus.edu/apus-library/resources-services/Writing/writing-center.html
American Public University System, Writing a Thesis Statement, American Public University System (2018), https://www.apus.edu/apus-library/resources-services/Writing/writing-center/graduate-writing/writing-a-thesis-statement.html
American Public University System, Writing the Research Question, American Public University System (2018), https://www.apus.edu/apus-library/resources-services/Writing/writing-center/graduate-writing/writing-the-research-question.html
American Public University System, Writing With an Academic Voice, American Public University System (2018), https://www.apus.edu/apus-library/resources-services/Writing/writing-center/graduate-writing/writing-with-an-academic-voice.html
David Barnwell, Rhetoric and Law: How Do Lawyers Persuade Judges? How Do Lawyers Deal With Bias in Judges and Judging? (2015), https://scholarworks.gsu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?referer=https://www.google.com/&httpsredir=1&article=1011&context=english_hontheses
Ken Broad-Bahm and Matthew Salzwedel, Ethos, Pathos, and Logos: Use All Three in Your Legal Writing and Oral Argument, (2012), https://www.persuasivelitigator.com/?s=Ethos%2C+Pathos%2C+and+Logos%3A+Use+All+Three+in+Your+Legal+Writing+and+Oral+Argument
City University of New York School of Law, Drafting a Brief to a Court (2018), http://www.law.cuny.edu/legal-writing/students/court-brief/court-brief-3.html
City University of New York School of Law, Narratives in Law; The Statement of Facts in a Trial Brief, Use of Paragraphs and Thesis Development in Legal Argument Checklist for Drafting a Trial Brief Case Study: Two Versions of a Trial Brief Use of Paragraphs and Thesis Development in Legal Argument (2018), http://www.law.cuny.edu/legal-writing/students/court-brief/court-brief-2.html
Jennifer Douglas, Developing Research Questions and Literature Reviews, (March 15, 2018), https://apus.adobeconnect.com/_a795569749/p4jgknkyxlf/?OWASP_CSRFTOKEN=a4b2542d739b5e0172ea4c8ecd6bec9592d77748fe56931050f83ce80f4d7fe0&proto=true
Jennifer Douglas, How to Prepare for Your End of Program Requirement at APUS, (March 15, 2018), https://www.apus.edu/apus-library/resources-services/resources/mastersstudies.html
Stephen J. Dwyer, Leonard J. Feldman & Ryan P. McBride, How to Write, Edit, and Review Persuasive Briefs: Seven Guidelines From One Judge and Two Lawyers, 31 Seattle University Law Review 417 (2008).
Federal Register, Drafting Legal Documents, Principles of Clear Writing (2016), https://www.archives.gov/federal-register/write/legal-docs/clear-writing.html
Bryan Garner, 10 Tips for Better Legal Writing, American Bar Association Journal (October 2014), http://www.abajournal.com/magazine/article/10_tips_for_better_legal_writing/?icn=most_read
Richard Gabriel, Quick Tips for Persuasive Writing, YouTube (October 24, 2012), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PuibpeSalu8
Guest, Making It Sing: How Rhetorical Writing Techniques Can Improve Legal Writing, (2014), https://lawyerist.com/legal-writing-need-dull/
Michael J. Higdon, Communicating With the Impatient, Skeptical Legal Reader: The Thesis Sentence, 51(12) Tennessee Bar Journal 26, 26- 29 (December 2015).
Sally Kane, Seven Ways to Improve Your Legal Writing Skills, The Balance Careers (February 4, 2017), https://www.thebalancecareers.com/seven-ways-to-improve-your-legal-writing-skills-2164712
Maxwell S. Kennerly, Poor Brief Writing Skills Prompt Dismissal by Appellate Court, Litigation & Trial (November 26, 2012), https://www.litigationandtrial.com/2012/11/articles/the-law/poor-brief-dismissal/
James W. McElhaney, The Art of Persuasive Legal Writing, 82(1) The American Bar Association Journal 76 (1996).
Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL), Annotated Bibliographies, Purdue University (2018), https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/common_writing_assignments/annotated_bibliographies/annotated_bibliographies.html
Purdue Online Writing Lab, Developing Strong Thesis Statements, (2018), https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/academic_writing/establishing_arguments/strong_thesis_statements.html
Purdue Online Writing Lab, Perdue OWL: Introduction to Rhetoric, (2012), https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mIESu4yXco4
Purdue University, Purdue Online Writing Lab, Purdue University (2018), http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/
Purdue Online Writing Lab, Organizing Your Argument, (2018), https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/academic_writing/establishing_arguments/organizing_your_argument.html
Purdue Online Writing Lab, Using Research and Evidence, (2018), https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/academic_writing/establishing_arguments/research_and_evidence.html
Purdue Online Writing Lab, Using Rhetorical Strategies for Persuasion, (2018), https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/academic_writing/establishing_arguments/rhetorical_strategies.html
Purdue Online Writing Lab, Tips and Examples for Writing Thesis Statements, (2018), https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/general_writing/the_writing_process/thesis_statement_tips.html
James C. Raymond, Writing for the Court, Part 3: Five Easy Steps, YouTube (April 25, 2012), https://youtu.be/uV2F4v42JIw
Shaun Roundy, Writing Center: Rhetorical Analysis, (2018), https://youtu.be/s84EDd8jFgw
The Bluebook: A Uniform Guide to Legal Citation, 20th ed., (2015).
In addition to the required course materials listed above, the following resources (including but not limited to public domain web sites) are useful. Many of the resources below were used in the previous LSTD504 (Legal Research and Writing I) course; they are listed below because of their capacity to help launch novice legal researchers and writers. So please feel free to look back at them to refresh your minds as to how to conduct basic legal research and writing tasks. Please abide by the university’s academic honesty policy when using Internet sources as well. Note web site addresses are subject to change.
American Public University System, Bluebook Style, American Public University System (2017), https://apus-arp.intelluslearning.com/courselesson/12748/learningpath/51991//learningpathitem/136193.
American Public University System, Legal and Paralegal Studies Program Guide, American Public University System (2018), https://www.apus.edu/apus-library/online-research/research/research-guides/school-of-security-global-studies/legal-studies-paralegal-studies
Columbia Law School Writing Center, Organizing a Legal Discussion (IRAC, CRAC, Etc.), http://www.law.columbia.edu/sites/default/files/microsites/writing-center/files/organizing_a_legal_discussion.pdf (n.d.)
Chris Hargreaves, Legal Drafting – The Ultimate Guide to Writing Like a Lawyer (2013), https://tipsforlawyers.com/legal-drafting-writing-for-lawyers/
Karin Ciano, Legal Writing Notebook: The IRAC Formula – Resistance Is Futile, Minnesota Lawyer (2015), https://web-b-ebscohost-com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/ehost/detail/detail?vid=0&sid=f01d49f1-08af-49f3-8088-afdc0338ecb0%40sessionmgr120&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPWlwJnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#AN=L54906365MLMN&db=bwh
Anatomy of a Case (https://www.cali.org/lesson/834)
Citation Form for Briefs and Legal Memoranda (https://www.cali.org/lesson/561)
Decision Point: State or Federal? (https://www.cali.org/lesson/574)
Email Correspondence: Ethical and Professional Considerations (https://www.cali.org/lesson/9658)
Ethical Considerations for Legal Memo Writing (https://www.cali.org/lesson/8993)
How to Brief a Case (https://www.cali.org/lesson/569)
Issue Statements for Memos and Briefs (https://www.cali.org/lesson/587?LWR28)
Learning Legal Analysis Through Its Component (https://www.cali.org/lesson/562?LWR02)
Legal Research 101: The Tools of the Trade (https://www.cali.org/lesson/568)
Legal Research Methodology (https://www.cali.org/lesson/567?LWR07)
Plagiarism - Keeping Out of Trouble (https://www.cali.org/lesson/1119?LWR63)
Punctuation and Grammar Advanced (https://www.cali.org/lesson/1083?LWR52)
Punctuation and Grammar Basics for Students (https://www.cali.org/lesson/585?LWR26)
Stating Facts: Objective and Persuasive Approaches (https://www.cali.org/lesson/586)
Statutory Interpretation (https://www.cali.org/lesson/1058)