Required Course Materials
*Note: Required Reading articles can be found at the APUS Library unless otherwise noted.
Allor, J., Gansle, K., & Denny, R. (2006). The stop and go phonemic awareness game: Providing modeling, practice, and feedback. Preventing School Failure, 50(4), 23-30.
Anderson, R., & Balajthy, E. (2009). Stories about struggling readers and technology. Reading Teacher, 62(6), 540-542.
Baker, B. (2007). Preparing teachers to support struggling first-grade readers. Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, 28(3), 233-242.
Balathjy, E. (2007). Using text-to-speech software with struggling readers. College Reading Association Yearbook, 28, 364-370.
Biggs, M., Homan, S., Dedrick, R., Minick, V., & Rasinski, T. (2008). Using an interactive singing software program: A comparative study of struggling middle school readers. Reading Psychology, 29(3), 195-213.
Chard, D., & Kameenui, E. (2000). Struggling first-grade readers: The frequency and progress of their reading. Journal of Special Education, 34(1), 28-39.
Cusumano, C., & Mueller, J. (2007). How differentiated instruction helps struggling students. Leadership, 36(4), 8-10.
Dowrick, P., Kim-rupnow, W., & Power, T. (2006). Video feedforward for reading. Journal of Special Education, 39(4), 194-207.
Ebbers, S. & Denton, C. (2008). A root awakening: Vocabulary instruction for older students with reading difficulties. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 23(2), 90-102.
Frabotta, S. (2009). Fun-filled family literacy nights. Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin, 75(4), 19-22.
Harris, L. (2007). Adolescent literacy: Wordy study with middle and high school students. Teaching Exceptional Children Plus, 3(4), 1-15.
Ivey, G. & Baker, M. (2004). Phonics instruction for older students? Just say no. Educational Leadership, 61(6), 35-39.
Lubliner, S. (2004). Help for struggling upper-grade elementary readers. Reading Teacher, 57(5), 430-438.
Mathes, P., Torgesen, J., Clancy-Menchetti, J., Santi, K., Nicholas, K., Robinson, C., & Grek, M. (2003). A comparison of teacher-directed versus peer-assisted instruction to struggling first-grade readers. Elementary School Journal, 103(5), 459-480.
Matthews, M., & Kesner, J. (2000). The silencing of Sammy: One struggling reader learning with his peers. Reading Teacher, 53(5), 382-391.
Poole, D. (2008). Interactional differentiation in the mixed-ability group: A situated view of two struggling readers. Reading Research Quarterly, 43(3), 228-250.
Pressley, M. (1996). Comprehension strategies instruction. PDF document.
Directions to obtain document:
Go to the website for the Literacy Achievement Research Center (LARC) at http://www.msularc.org/
Click on “Resources” tab
Then click on “For Educators” tab
Under “LARC Resources for Educators”
Then scroll down to “Comprehension Difficulties”
Then click on and open the 5-page summary document titled “Comprehension Strategies Instruction” provided by Michael Pressley.
Reutzel, R., & Cooter, R. (1992). Directed reading/Thinking activity DRTA. Retrieved from http://www.rockingham.k12.va.us/English/shared/Directed%20Reading%20Thinking.pdf
Rupley, W., & Nichols, W. (2005). Vocabulary instruction for the struggling reader. Reading and Writing Quarterly, 21(3), 239-260.
Ryder, J., Tunmer, W., & Greaney, K. (2008). Explicit instruction in phonemic awareness and phonemically based decoding skills as an intervention strategy for struggling readers in whole language classrooms. Reading & Writing, 21(4), 349-369.
Smolkin, L., & Donovan, C. (2003). Supporting comprehension acquisition for emerging and struggling readers: The interactive information book read-aloud. Exceptionality, 11(1), 25-38.
Stahl, S. (1998). Teaching children with reading problems to decode: Phonics and `not phonics’ instruction. Reading & Writing Quarterly, 14(2), 165-189.
Stanberry, K, & Raskind, M. (2009). Reading rockets: Assistive technology. Retrieved from http://www.readingrockets.org/articles/33077
Walker, B. (2005). Thinking aloud: Struggling readers often require more than a model. Reading Teacher, 58(7), 688-692.
Wexler, J., Vaughn, S., Edmonds, M., & Reutebuch, C. (2008). A synthesis of fluency interventions for secondary struggling readers. Reading & Writing, 21(4), 317-347.
White-Clark, R., & Lappin, G. (2005). Building home-school partnerships: A way of enhancing reading literacy of diverse learners. Electronic Magazine of Multicultural Education, 7(1), 8.
Wilfong, L. (2008). Building fluency, word-recognition ability, and confidence in struggling readers: The poetry academy. Reading Teacher, 62(1), 4-13.
In addition to the required course texts, the following public domain Websites are useful. Please abide by the university’s academic honesty policy when using Internet sources as well. Note Web site addresses are subject to change.