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EDMG515 - Hazard Mitigation and Resilient Communities

Course Details

Course Code: EDMG515 Course ID: 3849 Credit Hours: 3 Level: Graduate

This course provides an overview of what is known about natural hazards, disasters, recovery, and mitigation, how research findings have been translated into policies and programs, and a sustainable hazard mitigation research agenda. The course also provides an examination of past disaster losses and hazards management over the past 50 years, including factors--demographic, climate, social--that influence loss.

Course Schedule

Registration Dates Course Dates Session Weeks
03/30/20 - 09/04/20 09/07/20 - 11/01/20 Summer 2020 Session D 8 Week session
05/25/20 - 10/30/20 11/02/20 - 12/27/20 Fall 2020 Session I 8 Week session

Current Syllabi

After successfully completing this course, you will be able to

(LO = Learning Objectives)

LO-1: Demonstrate proficiency in the use of selected research methods and tools.

LO-2: Describe and examine the differences between hazards and mitigation efforts

LO-3: Accomplish specific research tasks: hypothesis construction, conceptualizing terms, literature review, data collection, critical analysis, and communicate findings.

LO-4: Evaluate data and critically assess research findings about local and federal emergency management in disaster mitigation

LO-5: Recognize and implement techniques for hazard mitigation to ensure resiliency in communities.

LO-6: Show graduate level critical thinking and writing.

Reading Assignments: Assessed through Forum posts.

Supplemental Readings: Will be evaluated for analysis and synthesis when presented as part of the literature review assignment or in other assignments; will not be graded separately.

Forum Assignments: All forums will be graded on a scale of 0-100 for participation, logic, grammar, spelling, and length. Forums will also be graded for responsiveness to other students’ forum posts. URGENT NOTE! You must introduce yourself with a 250 word post in Week 1 - Introduction forum by midnight Eastern Time Sunday night, or you will be automatically disenrolled from this course. This is university policy that applies to every course at APUS and is necessary to satisfy U.S. Department of Education rules. This is a graded forum.

Homework Assignments: Assignments will be graded on a scale of 0-100 for logic, clarity, writing, grammar, punctuation, spelling, and APA formatting. Assignments 4 and 6 will be returned without a grade for revision and resubmission if unacceptable for any reason including failure to adhere to APA Style (Sixth Edition). In such cases, the student will be given one week to resubmit the assignment. At the instructor’s discretion, the student may be asked to revise and resubmit any of these assignments. NOTE: APA citations and References page are required for PowerPoint presentation as well as in all writing assignments.

NameGrade %
Discussion Forum 30.00 %
Week 1 Introduction Forum 3.75 %
Week 2 Forum 3.75 %
Week 3 Forum 3.75 %
Week 4 Forum 3.75 %
Week 5 Forum 3.75 %
Week 6 Forum 3.75 %
Week 7 Forum 3.75 %
Week 8 Forum 3.75 %
Assignments 70.00 %
Week 4 Assignment - Legislation, Non-Federal and Federal Programs Related to Disaster Mitigation 23.33 %
Week 6 Assignment - Risk Communication, Cultural, and Legal Issues Related to Mitigation 23.33 %
Week 8 Assignment - Grant Programs (1) 23.33 %

Supplemental Readings:

Please examine the Course Bibliography at the end of this syllabus. It contains the list of website and academic resources by week. In addition, it contains classic books dealing with risk, mitigation, disasters, catastrophes, resiliency, and emergency management. It also includes books that present detailed histories and analyses of notorious disasters and catastrophes.

Additional Resources:

Students are expected to use the APA Style (Sixth Edition) guidance materials in the APUS Online Library or to obtain an official APA Manual (Sixth edition, third printing).

Sources specific to student’s approved chosen topic, found by student.

Please examine the Course Bibliography at the end of this syllabus. It contains classic books dealing with risk, mitigation, disasters, catastrophes, resiliency, and emergency management. It also includes books that present detailed histories and analyses of notorious disasters and catastrophes.

Course Bibliography

Aguirre, B. (1989). Cancun under Gilbert: Preliminary observations, International Journal of Mass Emergencies & Disasters, 7(1), 69-82

Arendt, L. A., Alesch, D. J., &Petak, W. J. (2007, April 9). Hazard mitigation investment decision making: Organizational response to legislative mandate. Technical Report MCEER-07-0002. Buffalo, NY: Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research.

Auf der Heide, E. (1987). Disaster response: Principles of preparation and coordination.

Barnard, B. (2003). Dangerous planet: Natural disasters that changed history. New York, NY: Crown.

Barry, J. M. (1997). Rising tide: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and how it changed America. New York, NY: Touchstone.

Bates, F. L., & Peacock, W. G. (1992). Measuring disaster impact on household living conditions: The domestic assets approach. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters,10(1), 133–160.

Beatley,T., Wilhite, S., &Berke, P, (1989). Influences on local adoption of planning measures for earthquake hazard mitigation, International Journal of Mass Emergencies & Disasters, 7(1), 33-56

Berstein, P. L. (1996). Against the gods: The remarkable study of risk. New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Bigley, G. A., & Roberts, K. H. (2001). The incident command system: High-reliability organizing for complex and volatile task environments. Academy of Management Journal,44(6), 1281–1299.

Bleischwitz, R., &Hennicke, P. (Eds.). (2004). Eco-efficiency, regulation, and sustainable business: Towards a governance structure for sustainable development. Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar.

Bolin, R., & Stanford, L. (1998). The Northridge earthquake: Community-based approaches to unmet recovery needs. Disasters,22(1), 21–38.

Bolin, R. C. (1989). Long-term family recovery from disaster. Monograph 36. Boulder, CO: Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado at Boulder.

Brinkley, D. (2006). The great deluge: Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, and the Mississippi Gulf Coast. New York, NY: William Morris.

Canton, L. G. (2007). Emergency management: Concepts and strategies for effective programs. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Comerio, M. (1998). Disaster hits home: New policy for urban housing recovery. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Cooper, C., & Block, R. (2006). Disaster: Hurricane Katrina and the failure of Homeland Security. New York, NY: Henry Holt & Co.

Cosgrove, J. (1996). Decision making in emergencies. Disaster Prevention and Management,5(4), 28–35.

Deal, T., de Bettencourt, M., Huyck, V., Merrick, G., & Mills, C. (2006). Beyond initial response: Using the National Incident Management System’s Incident Command System. Bloomington, IN: AuthorHouse.

Donaldson, M. W. (1989). The first ten days: Emergency response and protection strategies for the preservation of historic structures. In Spennemann, D. H. R., & Look, D. W. (eds.). (1989). Disaster management programs for historic sites, 25-29. San Francisco, CA: Association for Preservation Technology.

Drabek, T. E. (1985). Managing the emergency response. Public Administration Review, 45, 85–92.

Drabek, T. E., &McEntire, D. A. (2003). Emergent phenomena and the sociology of disaster: Lessons, trends and opportunities from the research literature. Disaster Prevention and Management,12(2), 97–112.

Dror, Y. (1988). Decision making under disaster conditions. In Comfort, L. K. (ed.). Managing disaster: Strategies and policy perspectives, 255–275. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Dynes, R. R. (1994). Community emergency planning: False assumptions and inappropriate analogies. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters,12(2), 141–158.

Federal Emergency Management Agency. (2005). Reducing damage from localized flooding: A guide for communities. Washington, DC: Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Flynn, S. (2007). The edge of disaster: Rebuilding a resilient nation. New York, NY: Random House.

General Accountability Office. (2007). Catastrophic disasters in America: Preparedness, response, and recovery system. New York, NY: Nova Science Publishers.

Godschalk, D.R. (1991). Disaster mitigation and hazard management. In Drabek, T. E., &McEntire, D. A. (eds.) (1991). Emergency management: Principles and practice for local government. Washington, DC: International City Management Association.

Hemingway, M., & Ferguson, J. (2014). Boston bombings: Response to disaster. Association of Operating Room Nurses.AORN Journal, 99(2), 277-88. doi:

Homer-Dixon, T. (2006). The upside of down: Catastrophe, creativity, and the renewal of civilization. Washington, DC: Island Press.

Kendra, J., &Wachtendorf, T. (2003). Elements of resilience after the World Trade Center disaster: Reconstituting New York City’s emergency operations center. Disasters,27(1), 37–53.

Kendra, J., &Wachtendorf, T. (2003). Reconsidering convergence and converger legitimacy in response to the World Trade Center disaster. Research in Social Problems and Public Policy, 11, 97–122.

Kunreuther, H., & Miller, L. (1985). Insurance versus disaster relief: An analysis of interactive modeling for disaster policy planning. Public Administration Review (special issue), 147–154.

Kunreuther, H., &Useem, M. (2010). Learning from catastrophes: Strategies for reaction and response. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Wharton School Publishing.

McDonnell, S., Troiano, R. P., Barker, N., Noji, E., Hlady, W. G., et al. (1995). Evaluation of long-term community recovery from Hurricane Andrew: Sources of assistance received by population sub-groups. Disasters,19(4), 338–347.

McEntire, D. A., & Garner, M. (2003). The community dispatch center: An assessment of a neglected component of emergency management. Journal of Emergency Management,1(1), 41–61.

McEntire, D. A., Robinson, R., & Weber, R. (2003). Business involvement in disasters: Corporate roles, functions and interaction with the public sector. Chapter 18 in Monday, J. L. (ed.). (2003) Beyond September 11th: An account of post-disaster research, 431–458. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Institute of Behavioral Science, Natural Hazards Research and Applications Information Center.

Mileti, D, (1989). Catastrophe planning and the grass roots: A lesson to the USA from the USSR, International Journal of Mass Emergencies & Disasters, 7(1), 57-68

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2004). Large-scale disasters: Lessons learned. Paris: OECD.

Passerini, E. (2000). Disasters as agents of social change in recovery and reconstruction. Natural Hazards Review,1(2), 67–72.

Paulus, T., Greenleaf, B., &Behling, C. (2008). Restraining the Red River of the North. Civil Engineering, 78(1), 76-83.

Perry, R. W. (1995). The structure and function of community operations centers. Disaster Prevention and Management,4(5), 37–41.

Porter, S. (2001). The Great Fire of London. Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire: Sutton.

Prestipino, A. (2015). View from the top: Hospital VP Reveals Lessons Learned from Boston

Bombings. Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology.

Quarantelli, E. L. (1995). Patterns of sheltering and housing in U.S. disasters. Disaster Prevention and Management,4(3), 43–53.

Quarantelli, E. L. (1997). Ten criteria for evaluating the management of community disasters. Disasters,21(1), 39–56.

Redlener, I. (2006). Americans at risk: Why we are not prepared for megadisasters and what we can do now. New York, NY: Knopf.

Rubin, C. B., & Barbee, D. G. (1985). Disaster recovery and hazard mitigation: Bridging the intergovernmental gap. Public Administration Review (special issue), 57–63.

Rubin, C. B. (ed.) (2007). Emergency management: The American experience 1900-2005. Fairfax, VA: Public Entity Risk Institute.

Scanlon, J. (1996). Not on the record: Disasters, records and disaster research. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 14(3), 265–280.

Scanlon, J. (2003). Transportation in emergencies: An often neglected story. Disaster Prevention and Management,12(5), 428–437.

Schwab, A. K., Eschelbach, K., & Brower, D. J. (2007). Hazard mitigation and preparedness. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Schwab, J., Topping, K. C., Eadie, C. C., Deyle, R. E., & Smith, R. A. (1998). Planning for post-disaster recovery and reconstruction. Washington, DC: Federal Emergency Management Agency.

Smith, J. F. (2006a). Budgeting for disasters—part I. Overview of the problem, The Public Manager,35(1), 11-19.

Smith, J. F. (2006b). Budgeting for disasters—part II. Suggested solutions, The Public Manager, 35(2), 58-62.

Smith, J. F. (2008). Maintaining airport continuity of business and operations during disaster response: The role of command and control relationships with emergency management agencies. Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning, 3(1), 66-74.

Smith, J. F., Waggoner, S. S., & Hall, G. (2007). Building sound emergency management into airports. International Air Transportation Conference 2007 Proceedings, 47-60.

Smith, J. F., Waggoner, S. S., Rabjohn, A., &Bachar, A. (2007). Protecting airport functionality during disaster responses: Natural disasters, accidents, and pandemics. Journal of Emergency Management, 5(6), 29-40.

Smith, J. F., Waggoner, S. S., Rabjohn, A., &Bachar, A. (2008a). Protecting airport functionality during disaster responses: terrorism, war, civil war, and riots. Journal of Emergency Management, 6(3), 53-62.

Smith, J. F., Waggoner, S. S., Rabjohn, A., &Bachar, A. (2008b). Protecting airport functionality during disaster responses: Solutions. Journal of Emergency Management, 6(4), 57-64.

Suarez-Villa, L., &Walrod, W. (1999). Losses from the Northridge earthquake: Disruption to high-technology industries in the Los Angeles basin. Disasters, 23(1), 19–44.

Sylves, R. (2008). Disaster policy & politics.Washington, DC: CQ Press.

Tierney, K. J., Lindell, M. K., & Perry, R. W. (2001). Facing the unexpected: Disaster preparedness and response in the United States. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press.

Walsh, D. W., Christen, H. T., Miller, G. T., Callsen, C. E., Cillufo, F. J., et al. (2005). National Incident Management System: Principles and practice. Boston, MA: Jones & Bartlett.

Waugh, W. (1993). Coordination or control: Organizational design and the emergency management function. Disaster Prevention and Management, 2(4), 17–31.

Wedel, K. R., & Baker, D. R. (1998). After the Oklahoma City bombing: A case study of the resource coordination committee. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters,16(3), 333–362.

Worldwatch Institute. (annual). Vital signs: The trends that are shaping our future. New York, NY: W. W. Norton.

Book Title:Hazard Mitigation in Emergency Management 1st Edition - eBook available through the APUS Online Library
Publication Info:Elsevier
Author:T. Islam & J. Ryan, PhD
Unit Cost:$101.35
Book Title:Various resources from the APUS Library & the Open Web are used. Please visit to locate the course eReserve.*

Previous Syllabi

Not current for future courses.