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Bachelor of Science in Sports and Health Sciences




Program Description

The Sports and Health Sciences degree is a scientific study of human movement and human behavior relative to exercise, fitness, nutrition, health, and wellness. This degree is designed to prepare students to meet challenges in these dynamic and emerging fields of study. Students will engage in core issues and concepts in areas such as anatomy and physiology, nutrition, kinesiology, and exercise programming and testing. An emphasis is placed on biophysical functions, evidence based practice and principles applicable to human movement and performance in physical activity.

Note: BIOL250 & BIOL251 courses will require you to purchase course materials to confirm and apply the concepts. The total cost for these course materials is approximately $350, and is not covered by the undergraduate book grant.

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Program Objectives

In addition to the institutional and general education level learning objectives, this program also seeks the following specific learning outcomes of its graduates. With reference to each of the respective areas of sports and health sciences, graduates in this degree program will be able to:

  • Apply fundamental concepts of human anatomy, physiology, nutrition, health, and kinesiology to applications in sports and fitness.
  • Perform motivational strategies and tactics designed to guide practice and performance in physical activity.
  • Design a healthful diet for varying populations based off sound nutritional principles and concepts generated from the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
  • Critically analyze steroids usage on athletic performance including associated muscle reaction and medical risks.
  • Illustrate appropriate procedures for treating upper and lower body sport injuries.
  • Construct exercise programs applicable in fitness, rehabilitation, and athletic training settings.
  • Evaluate suitability of common exercises based on muscle action for exercise program design.


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The sports business industry is one of the largest and fastest growing industries in the United States, according to a leading sports business journal. Its annual survey shows its size to be about $213 billion. That’s more than twice the size of the U.S. auto industry and seven times the size of the movie industry. The industry is expected to continue growing. The Bureau of Labor Statistics says demand – and salaries – for sports managers should increase as well.

The bachelor’s program in sports and health sciences prepares students in sports and fitness, psychology, legal and regulatory issues, management principles and human behavior. The master’s program in sports management covers the social contexts of sport in historical and modern society, fundamentals of the sports industry, and focuses on sports law, marketing, promotion, public relations, finance, and economics.

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Useful Skills in the Sports and Health Sciences Field

Listening - Paying attention to what other people are saying, and taking time to understand the points being made.

Managing Money - Determining how much money is required to get a job done, allocating those monies, and accounting for all expenditures.

Managing Time - Allocating and budgeting your time for different tasks so that things get done when needed.

Reasoning - Using logic to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions, or approaches to problems.

Social Perceptiveness - Being aware of the reactions of others, and understanding why they react the way that they do.

Public Speaking - Talking, giving speeches, or speaking in group settings to convey information, explain ideas, or give instructions.

Teaching - Teaching others how to do something.

Persuasion - Persuading, encouraging and motivating others to accept your ideas.

Decision Making - Weighing out the options in a situation or a problem and logically choosing the best course of action.

Helping - Actively looking for ways to help people.




Career Options

To identify what education or training is necessary for careers within the sports and health field, use the O*Net hyperlinks below and click on “Job Zone.” In addition, seek out the advice of fellow students and alumni working in the industry, using our mentoring program on The Quad (for current students and alumni only) or by speaking with a career coach. 

As with all majors, the education you receive serves as a foundation of knowledge that prepares you for what you may face in the professional world. The career field you chose may require additional education or experience.

Entertainers and Performers, Sports and Related Workers
Amusement and Recreation Attendants
Athletes and Sports Competitors
Coaches and Scouts
Dietitians and Nutritionists
Exercise Physiologists
Fitness and Wellness Coordinators
Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors
Gaming Managers
General and Operations Managers
Health Educators
Health Specialties Teachers, Postsecondary

Recreation and Fitness Studies Teachers, Postsecondary
Marketing Managers
Physical Therapist Assistants
Program Directors
Public Address System and Other Announcers
Radio and Television Announcers
Reporters and Correspondents
Sports Medicine Physicians
Therapists, All Other
Umpires, Referees, and Other Sport Officials
Physical Therapist Aides
Managers, All Other

Getting Started: Internships
Getting Hired: Government Agencies, Organizations, and Search Engines

There are several government agencies and organizations that seek candidates with degrees in sports and health sciences. The list below provides a few places one might find employment specific to this degree.

Federal Agency Examples

Organization Examples

Centers for Disease Control
Consumer Product Safety Commission
Department of Health and Human Services
Department of Veterans Affairs
Health Resources and Services Administration
Indian Health Service
National Institute of Health
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion
President's Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition
Peace Corps
Public Health Service

Administration - Professional Athletic Organizations
Athletic Arenas and Stadiums
Athletic Associations
Coach - Professional, College, or K-12 level athletic teams
Corporate Health Facilities
Country Clubs and Resorts
Hospitals and Rehabilitations Clinics
Recreation Departments
Sporting Goods Companies
Sports Medical Clinics

While many of the major job search engines will have several positions to choose from, the list below are specific to the sports and health science field.

American College of Sports Medicine
ESPN Career Center
Exercise Careers
Feld Entertainment
National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA) Careers
National Strength and Conditioning Association (NSCA)
NHL Hockey Jobs
Online Sports
Recreation Internships
Sport Information Resource Center
Strength Performance Network
Team Work Online
Women Sports Jobs




Keeping Current: Professional Organizations and Associations
Conferences and Expositions
Get Connected: Social Media and Publications

Sports and Health Sciences and Sports Management - Facebook
Sports and Fitness Network - LinkedIn
Sports and Fitness (@SportsAPUS) - Twitter
Sports and Fitness Network

Quick Links


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Exercise Science Total Credits - 123 Hours
Core Requirements
36 Hours
Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab I
4 hours

This is the first of a two course sequence in human anatomy & physiology. This intensive course is intended to prepare students for careers in the health sciences (sports medicine, physical therapy, EMS, nursing, physician assistant, etc.). Lessons and laboratory exercises focus on the organization of the human body, homeostasis, basic chemistry, cell biology, genetics and heredity, and the integumentary, musculoskeletal, and nervous systems. This course includes a hands-on laboratory component, and students are required to perform dissection of preserved animal specimens. Some of the laboratory activities require the use of glass or sharp laboratory instruments; therefore students must have a safe work area available to perform laboratory activities. Students must also have room temperature storage available in order to maintain laboratory materials and specimens through both BIOL250 and BIOL251. Refrigerated storage is not required. In addition, students must be able to document their laboratory work using still pictures and/or video. This is a time and resource-intensive course. Students intending to pursue a career in the health sciences should verify that the BIOL250 and BIOL251 course sequence meets the requirements of their intended program prior to enrollment. Students must complete SCIN131 or CHEM133 with a grade of C or better prior to enrolling in BIOL250. Prerequisites: CHEM133 or SCIN131, and MATH110, MATH111, or MATH225 This course has substantial lab equipment costs to the student -from $500 to $2000-which may be used in some subsequent courses.

Pre Reqs: College Algebra(MATH110),College Trigonometry(MATH111),Calculus(MATH225),Introduction to Chemistry with Lab(SCIN131),General Chemistry I with Lab(CHEM133)

Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab II
4 hours

This is the second of a two-course sequence in human anatomy & physiology. This intensive course is intended to prepare students for careers in the health sciences (sports medicine, physical therapy, EMS, nursing, physician assistant, etc.). Lessons and laboratory exercises focus on homeostasis, metabolism, acid-base balance, growth and development, and the endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, urinary, digestive, and reproductive systems. Students are also required to successfully complete a cumulative assessment of anatomy & physiology objectives from both BIOL250 and BIOL251. Students must complete BIOL250 with a grade of C or better prior to enrolling in BIOL251. This course includes a hands-on laboratory component, and students are required to perform dissection of preserved animal specimens. Some of the laboratory activities require the use of glass or sharp laboratory instruments; therefore students must have a safe work area available to perform laboratory activities. Students must also have room temperature storage available in order to maintain laboratory materials and specimens through both BIOL250 and BIOL251. Refrigerated storage is not required. In addition, students must be able to document their laboratory work using still pictures and/or video. Prerequisite: BIOL250

Pre Reqs: Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab I(BIOL250)

Sports Psychology
3 hours

Students will examine human behavior in a sport and exercise setting. They will understand that enhancing individual performance is a primary objective of sport psychology. Students will learn how to create a psychological skills training program, which incorporates theories of anxiety reduction, imagery training, and self-efficacy. Current theoretical perspectives of personality factors in exercise and sport, why people exercise, what motivates an individual, exercise/sport adherence, stress, anxiety, and arousal, and the psychological effects of exercise and sport will be investigated. Students will learn the key features of effective goal-setting, and apply this understanding to their own professional development.

Introduction to Chemistry with Lab
4 hours

This course introduces students to the principles of basic chemistry, the terminology, methodology and worldview of chemistry, and the practical application to everyday living. Topics are both descriptive and mathematical and include acids and bases, atomic structure, chemical equations and reactions, chemical language and nomenclature, gases, molecular structure, solution chemistry, chemical mathematics, organic chemistry, and biochemistry. The chemistry lab is designed for students to learn how to make qualitative and quantitative observations about physical and chemical phenomena, to make calculations, and to test their own reasoning. Students will acquire skills in laboratory techniques and thought processes through interactive virtual laboratories designed to help reinforce and build upon the concepts presented in the lecture portion of the class.

Foundations of Sports and Health Sciences
3 hours

This course introduces students to the fundamental concepts of Sports and Health Sciences including basic principals in exercise science, health, wellness, fitness and coaching studies. The student will focus on clarification of the wellness continuum including physical, emotional, intellectual, spiritual, interpersonal, and environmental wellness while implementing the methods of the health related components of physical wellness – cardio respiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition to promote lifelong physical fitness, disease prevention, and health and wellness.

Foundations of Nutrition
3 hours

This course introduces students to the scientific principles of nutrition pertinent to the function of nutrients in the body and the physiological processes involved in digestion and absorption. Students will attain knowledge of the nutrients that make up the food we eat; the anatomy and physiology of digestion and absorption; the function of the each macro and micro nutrient within the body; the interplay between foods, food substances and disease processes like heart disease, cancer, and obesity; the role of nutrition throughout the life cycle; and, our global food problems.

Exercise Physiology
3 hours

This course is designed to provide students with the knowledge of the inner workings and physiological changes that occur in the body during exercise, after exercise, and during a training period. Topics include efficiency, needs and limitations of body systems and their interrelationships, gender roles in exercise, and developing a personalized exercise routine to meet your needs.

3 hours

What should you eat? When should you eat it? Why? Nutrition plays an integral part of our daily life. A healthy diet can protect us from a number of diseases including heart disease and cancer. Nutrition also plays an integral part of the athlete’s success; often making a difference between success and failure. Improper use of diet and/or ergogenic aids can result in poor performance. Students in this course will explore basic nutrition concepts, gaining an appreciation of the contribution of macro and micronutrients to a healthy diet and gaining an understanding of the importance of these nutrients as performance enhancers. They will identify a number of strategies for making healthy food selections, for integrating these selections into their lives, and for successfully maintaining a healthy diet. These concepts will be reinforced through the analysis of their own diets and the development of several new diets. The impact of excessive or deficient caloric intake on health and body composition will be determined. Finally, dietary supplements and performance enhancers are used by many people. Improper use of these can be detrimental to one’s health as well as adversely impact athletic performance. Strategies for identifying and for using good and bad supplements/enhancers will be developed. (Prerequisite: SPHE295).

Pre Reqs: Foundations of Nutrition(SPHE295)

Sports First Aid
3 hours

Sports First Aid is the recognition and emergency treatment of sports injuries sustained during the participation in a sporting event. Students in this course will learn basic first aid principles in order to provide emergency care to injured athletes. Students will develop a basic knowledge of common sports injuries to be able to administer appropriate sports first aid. This course will introduce the role of the coach as well as other medical professionals that provide first aid to athletes. Focus will placed on techniques and concepts used to treat these sports injuries. Students taking this course will become a competent first aid responder for basic athletic injuries. (Prerequisite: BIOL251)

Pre Reqs: Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab II(BIOL251)

Exercise Programming and Testing
3 hours

This course is designed for the undergraduate degree in Sports and Health Sciences. Students will combine knowledge from prior classes such as Anatomy, Exercise Physiology, Nutrition and Training and Conditioning and will be prepared to implement their knowledge in a professional setting. Application of basic exercise training principles will be expanded as the course progresses, allowing the student to execute a wide range of personal fitness training principles such as fundamentals of human movement science, client/athlete assessment, exercise training concepts, program design, nutrition and supplementation. This course incorporates advanced exercise programming techniques utilizing the Optimum Performance Training Model (OPT Model) and prepares students for the Certified Personal Training examination offered by the National Academy of Sports Medicine (NASM-CPT). Upon successful completion of this course and with a valid CPR certification students are eligible to sit for this examination. (Prerequisite: BIOL251)

Pre Reqs: Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab II(BIOL251)

3 hours

Kinesiology develops a practical understanding of the neuromotor system in relation to anatomical structures responsible for human movement along with their respective functions. Students will learn how to analyze movement and determine specific muscles responsible for a particular movement along with the associated joint action and neural control mechanisms. Students will contrast movements and exercises to determine their appropriateness and fit for specific and common goals in real world settings. Additionally, students will discuss Kinesiology principles and critical concepts as they relate to athletics, rehabilitation, and recreational exercise. The course will also explore how to improve human performance through effective exercise and training program design. Students learn concepts in this course which apply in coaching, athletics, rehabilitation, and fitness settings. (Prerequisite: BIOL251)

Pre Reqs: Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab II(BIOL251)

Concentration Requirements
18 Hours
MATH302 requires the math prerequisite of MATH110-College Algebra
3 hours

This is an interactive course designed to help students achieve a greater understanding of the statistical methods and models available to analyze and solve the wide variety of problems encountered in business, science, medicine, education, the social sciences, and other disciplines. Successful completion of this course will provide students with a working knowledge of the principles of both descriptive and inferential statistics, probability, averages and variations, normal probability distributions, sampling distributions, confidence intervals, statistical hypothesis tests, and correlation and regression analyses. The emphasis of the course will be on the proper use of statistical techniques and their application in real life -- not on mathematical proofs. This course will use Microsoft Excel for some of the work. Students should have a basic familiarity with Excel and have access to this software application. (Prerequisite: MATH110 OR MATH111 OR MATH225)

Pre Reqs: College Algebra(MATH110),College Trigonometry(MATH111),Calculus(MATH225)

Training and Conditioning
3 hours

This course concentrates on the science, planning, management, and analysis of training and conditioning as it relates to the human body. Through a series of assignments and case studies, you will learn the theory of muscle growth and how muscle growth applies to your body. The course will answer many questions including how can you build an impressive, muscular physique using free weights? How, for example, can you customize your workouts according to your body type? And how should diet, including food supplements, factor into your fitness goals? Prerequisite: BIOL250 and BIOL251

Pre Reqs: Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab I(BIOL250),Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab II(BIOL251)

Sports Medicine
3 hours

This course in sports medicine explores the causes and prevention of common sports injuries. You will learn the prognosis and treatment of injuries by examining the anatomy of the injured area of the body through diagrams and interactive websites. Each section of the course covers a certain category of injuries; you will learn what sport or particular athlete is more at risk. Each student will be required to submit a course paper on a specific injury that includes case studies from appropriate references. It is recommended that students complete SPHE 421 Kinesiology before enrolling in this course. (Prerequisite: BIOL251)

Pre Reqs: Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab II(BIOL251)

Sports Conditioning
3 hours

This course will provide the student with the skills necessary to develop an annual training program for athletes of all levels. Emphasis will be placed on the principles of periodization and how to determine the appropriate training program for each sport. The topics of plyometrics, speed, agility, strength and power will be demonstrated in videos and through other course materials. Students will be required to complete a 52 week training plan for an athlete based on the principles of periodization. (Prerequisite: BIOL250 and BIOL251).

Pre Reqs: Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab I(BIOL250),Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab II(BIOL251)

3 hours

Students in this course will use qualitative and quantitative analysis to understand the biomechanics of human movement. This course will focus on biomechanics in sports and how biomechanical evaluation can improve performance and prevent injuries. Through the use of videos and personal observations, students will learn to apply mathematical equations to various sports skills to develop an understanding of how the laws of physics affect performance. Linear and angular kinematics and kinetics will be applied to sport skills. Students will complete a course project which will require the student to observe a sport skill, qualitatively analyze the athlete performing the skill and make recommendations for improvement. It is highly recommended that students complete College Algebra and Physics before taking this course. (Prerequisite: BIOL250 and BIOL251).

Pre Reqs: Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab I(BIOL250),Human Anatomy and Physiology with Lab II(BIOL251)

Therapeutic Exercise
3 hours

This course examines the physiology of healing as well as exercise protocols for orthopedic and musculoskeletal injuries. The course provides students with a solid foundation of the theory and practice associated with the design, implementation, progression, and supervision of healing and reconditioning programs. Content includes skillful examination of the process of healing and identifying pertinent stages in order to develop evidence based programs. Techniques include progression and sequencing, examination and assessment, and application of soft tissue and joint mobilization; range of motion and flexibility, strength and muscle endurance exercises; balance, coordination and agility activities as well as function return to play exercises for full return to play participation.

Pre Reqs: Sports Medicine(SPHE317)

Institutional Requirements
3 Hours
Foundations of Online Learning
3 hours

This course is designed to provide a solid foundation for undergraduate study in the online environment. Students will be introduced to the tools and resources available in the online classroom and campus. Students will be introduced to online research, formatting, and citation styles. APUS policy and procedure is addressed. There is an emphasis on communication to assist students in the transition to the online environment.

General Education
38 Hours

Final Program Requirement
3 Hours
Senior Seminar in Sports and Health Science
3 hours

This senior capstone class is the final course in the degree sequence for students majoring in Sports and Health Sciences. In this dynamic and interactive course, learners will review, assess and then apply many of the concepts they have researched during undergraduate studies through the creation of a customized graduation portfolio. This portfolio can be used for future career or academic goals and serve as a tangible job aid that houses previously acquired knowledge. Real life, hands on tools for career advancement will be examined and then applied, including the creation of a professional resume. An investigation of the job market in the field of sports and health will also take place through case study analysis and lively, career focused discussions. Alternative career paths for sports and health sciences degree holders will also be explored. Student must have SENIOR standing to register.

General Electives
25 Hours
Electives are typically courses available at your degree level that are not currently required as a part of your degree program/academic plan. Please visit the catalog to view a complete listing of courses.

Program Completion Rates, Median Debt and More

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